Tuesday, October 6, 2015

Rudolf Dreikers & Adler University

Rudolf Dreikurs (1897-1972) was born in Vienna and was an accomplished musician, though he never performed professionally, composing songs, and playing piano, viola, violin, and cello. He served as lieutenant in the Austrian army in World War I. After the war, he began his training in medicine and met Alfred Adler,   becoming increasingly convinced by his Individual Psychology approach. 
He arrived in Chicago in 1937, shortly after Alfred Adler died, but he took up Adler's work at Hull House, where he also lived. He fostered community psychiatry, leading community child guidance centers and working with schools. He wanted to develop a pragmatic method to encourage misbehaving children to become more cooperative. For example, he suggested that teachers should use encouraging words with students whether or not their work was successful. Dreikurs promoted group dynamics and group psychotherapy, as well as music therapy. Among his books are: The Challenge of Parenthood (1958) and Psychology in the Classroom (1968).

In 1952 he founded the Institute of Adlerian Psychology in Chicago which is today's Adler University, the oldest independant psychology school in North America, which has over 1,200 students. 

Monday, October 5, 2015

2015: Inaugural Chicago Architecture Biennial

This is the very first time that Chicago hosts the Chicago Architecture Biennial, and it is happening right now! The theme guiding the show is: 


Over forty participants from around the world will exhibit their work in the Chicago Cultural Center, Millenium Park, in the historic Water Tower, and other locations around the city.

This event is sponsored by Chicago Mayor Rahm Emmanuel. No Chicagoan will be insensitive to this fine initiative to enhance Chicago's architectural heritage.

Open since October 3, the Architecture Biennial will run for three months. It is free and open to the public. Daily tours take place at the Chicago Cultural Center. If you are unable to get to Chicago, you can still get an idea of what will go on through the excellent website and its many films featuring architecture from Chicago and from around the world. 

Chicago Architecture Biennal

Chicago Architecture Biennal on Instagram

Arch Daily

Biennial Foundation

Chicago Cultural Center

Saturday, October 3, 2015

How to know if you are lonely in Chicago (or anywhere else)

Are you part of the 20%? Do you feel lonely? Does it help to know that you are not alone in feeling this way?

Chicago psychologist John Cacioppo is well known for his sudy of the human instinct for social interaction.  The book he co-authored with William Patrick, Loneliness: Human Nature and the Need for Social Connection (2008), generated a large response from readers, and his research in this area has only continued to deepen. One thing he emphasizes is that  loneliness is unrelated to one's objective circumstances. It is  is a subjective feeling that can be evaluated using the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Loneliness, p.5). In several of his articles on this topic he mentions that loneliness creates a high health risk factor similar to smoking, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. It seems that humans, like animals, "need the aid and companionship of others to survive and prosper" (Cacioppo, Capitanio, and Cacioppo , "Toward a Neurology of Loneliness" in Psychological Bulletin 140:6, 2014, 1464-1504, 1496). Cacioppo has devoted most of his research to loneliness and how to overcome it. Read more using the links below.

The University of Chicago Department of Psychology http://psychology.uchicago.edu/about/index.shtml

Social Neuroscience Laboratory at the University of Chicago

High Performance Electrical Neurolmaging Laboratory

High Performance Brain Academy

Lydialyle Gibson, "The Nature of Loneliness," University of Chicago Magazine (Nov-Dec 2010)

Tuesday, August 25, 2015

Sweet Home Chicago: in book form for students of English

This blog now has a companion volume, Sweet Home Chicago: Language & Culture (CBP, 2015). The book has been especially designed for foreign language learners of English. That said, if you already read English being a native speaker of the language, you may find it to be a friendly, basic introduction to some interesting aspects (and trivia) about the city of Chicago. If you understand French, you'll find an additional 20-page bonus of French texts about Chicago in the 8th chapter of the book, intended for translation exercises.

On your marks, get set, go!


Jennifer Kilgore-Caradec
Langues étrangères, Livres, Ouvrages de référence
23 août 2015
Chicago, the beautiful sky-scraper city located along the gracious shores
of Lake Michigan, elected its first mayor in 1837. It is less than 200 years
old. How did it get so far so fast? The "City of the Big Shoulders" will be
our guide as we pursue English Language Learning at intermediate and
advanced levels. Chicago has brought the world advertising, the Ferris
wheel, chewing gum, the skyscraper, literary modernism, the Poetry
Foundation, President Barack Obama, and Hillary Clinton. It is an essential
American city that no student of American history or literature should ignore.
All English language learners will benefit from the various subjects, vocab-
ularies, grammar exercises, and translations presented in this book.

If you prefer a paper version, please look here:

Monday, May 12, 2014

Baseball season 1932

To celebrate the season, a treat from the Chicago Film Archives: a 1932 Chicago Cubs game:


Sunday, January 12, 2014

Oklahoma and Chicago have met, thank you.

This post honors Tracy Lett and the Pulitzer prize winning play August: Osage County (2007) that premiered at Chicago's Steppenwolf Theatre.  The film version directed by John Wells, was shown in Toronto in September 2013, and released in cinemas in Janurary 2014. The film stars Meryl Streep and Julia Roberts, yet seems to be having mixed reactions. Undoubtedly you'll want to see it yourself to find out if the critics are right (or wrong).

Dave Denby, "August: Osange Country," "The Invisible Woman," and "Lone Survivor," New Yorker (January 6, 2014).
Michael Schulman, "A Play Falters on the Big Screen," New Yorker (January 6, 2014).
Katie van Syckle, "Q & A: Writer Tracy Letts on Adapting 'August Osage Country' to Film," Rolling Stone (September 11, 2013).

Monday, January 6, 2014

Du Sable to Obama: Chicago's Black Metropolis on WTTW

This documentary produced by Barbara Allen for WTTW Chicago in 2009 is extremely rich, and deserves your time.

Poetry from Chicago

A little corner to encourage you to read and listen to poetry from Chicago.

Hear Gwendolyn Brooks read "the mother" from A Street in Bronzeville (1945) and other poetry (Poetry Foundation's Essential American Poets selected by Donald Hall, in a recording made at the Library of Congress, January 19, 1961).

Chicago Architecture

2003. Skybridge, 1 N. Halstead Street, 39 stories.

1980. Xerox Center, 55 W. Monroe Street, 41 stories.

1975. Metropolitan Correctional Center, 71 W. Van Buren Street, 27 stories.

1973. Sears Tower, 223 S. Wacker Drive, 110 stories with a skydeck.

1972. Aon Center (Standard Oil Building), 200 E. Randolph Street.
CNA Plaza, 44 stories, 325 S. Wabash Avenue.

1970. John Hancock Center, 875 N. Michigan Avenue, 100 stories.

1969. Chase Tower (First National Bank Building, then Bank One Plaza), 10 S. Dearborn Street, 60 stories.

1968. Lake Point Tower, 505 N. Lake Shore Drive, 70 stories.

1964. Marina City, 300 N. State Street, 61 stories.

1925. Tribune Tower, 435 N. Michigan Avenue, 36 stories.

1910. Robie House, 5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue.

1892. Masonic Temple, demolished in 1939.

1889. Monadnock Building, 53 W. Jackson Boulevard, 17 stories.

1888. The Rookery, 209 S. LaSalle Street.

1885. Home Insurance Building, 10 stories.

You can get more detailed information about these buildings and others through several websites devoted to Chicago's architecture:

—Chicago architectural Landmarks, by name of architect, on the City of Chicago web pages.
—a Global Architecture Encyclopedia,  http://www.glasssteelandstone.com.

Chicago goes to the Movies

2008. Chicago 10 by Brett Morgen. See trailer.

2007. And They Came to Chicago: The Italian American Legacy by Gia Marie Amelia. See clips from the website.

2006. Running Scared by Wayne Kramer. See trailer.
2003. Chicago, City of the Century by Austin Hoyt for PBS.

2002. Chicago by Rob Marshall. See trailer.

Road to Perdition by Sam Mendes. See trailer.

2000. High Fidelity by Stephen Frears. See trailer of this film based in Wicker Park.

What Women Want by Nancy Meyers. See trailer.

1998. Blues Brothers 2000 by John Landis. See trailer.

1997. My Best Friend's Wedding by P.J. Hogan. See trailer. See 2 minutes from film.

1996. Chain Reaction by Andrew Davis. See trailer.

1995. While You Were Sleeping by Jon Turteltaub. See trailer.

1993. The Fugitive by (?). See 2 minutes from film.

1989. When Harry Met Sally by Rob Reiner. See excerpt.

1987. The Untouchables by Brian De Palma. See trailer.

Planes, Trains, and Automobiles by John Hughes. See excerpt.

1986. Ferris Bueller's Day Off by John Hughes. See trailer.

About Last Night by Edward Zwick. See excerpt.

The Color of Money by Martin Scorsese. See excerpts. See New York Times review (October 17, 1986).

Running Scared by Peter Hyams. See opening scene, with views of downtown Chicago.

1984. Sixteen Candles by John Hughes. See trailer.

The Natural by Barry Levinson used Wrigley Field as a backdrop. See trailer. See Robert Redford's batting practice scene.

1980. The Blues Brothers by John Landis. See trailer.

1964. Robin and the 7 Hoods by Gordon Douglas. See trailer.

1963. The Fugitive by (?). See trailer.

1959. The Untouchables by Alex March. See opening.

North by Northwest by Alfred Hitchcock, featuring the Ambassador East hotel. See trailer.

1938. In Old Chicago by Darryl F. Zanuck. See trailer. Reviewed in the New York Times (January 16, 1938).

1936. Chicago May Day by Maurice Bailen.

Peace Parade and Workers' Picnic by Maurice Bailen.

1934. Halsted Street by Conrad (Nelson) Friberg.

The Great Depression by Maurice Bailen.

Chicago in all things Literary: Fiction, Poetry, Drama, Essays and Criticism

AL ASWANY, Alaa, Chicago, tr. Abdel Wahab,  New York: Harper, 2008.
ALGREN, Nelson, Chicago: City on the Make [1951], Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
BELLOW, Saul, The Adventures of Augie March, 1953.
—, Herzog, 1964.
—, Ravelstein, 2000.
BROOKS, Gwendolyn, Selected Poems [1963], New York: HarperCollins, 2006.
CISNEROS, Sandra, The House on Mango Street [1984], New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 1991.
DREISER, Theodore, Sister Carrie [1900] , .
DYBEK, Stuart, The Coast of Chicago [1990], New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux/Picador, 2003.
—, Childhood and Other Neighborhoods, Stories, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2003.
—, Streets in Their Own Ink (Poems), New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2004.
FULLER, Henry B., The Cliff Dwellers: A Novel, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1893.
GUZMAN, Richard R. (ed.), Black Writing From Chicago: In the World, Not of It?, Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2006.
HUGHES, Langston, "Chicago," in Arnold Rampersad (ed.), The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes, New York: Vintage, 1994, p.616-617.
KIPLING, Rudyard, "Chicago," chapter 5, American Notes (1891).
LIEBLING, A.J., Chicago, The Second City [1906], Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.
MAMET, David, Sexual Perversity in Chicago, 1974.
—, "the Museum of Science and Industry Story," 5 Television Plays, 1975.
McQUADE, Molly (ed.), An Unsentimental Education: Writers and Chicago, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
NESS, Eliot, The Untouchables, 1947.
PARETSKY, Sara, Fire Sale, 2005.
—, Writing in an Age of Silence, London: Verso, 2007.
PYNCHON, Thomas, Against the Day (2006).
SANDBURG, Carl, Chicago Poems, 1916.
—, The Chicago Race Riots, July 1919, 1919.
SHERWIN, Byron L., The Cubs and the Kabbalist, Denton, Texas: West Oak Press, 2006.
SINCLAIR, Upton, The Jungle [1906], New York: American Library/Signet Classic, 2001; New York: Random House/Modern Libary, 2002.
WRIGHT, Richard, Native Son [1940], New York: Vintage, 2000.

Chicago's Reality (outside of Literature)

ADDAMS, Jane, My Friend, Julia Lathrop, New York: Macmillan Co., 1935.
ADLER, Jeffrey S., "'Halting the Slaughter of the Innocents,': the Civilizing Process and the Surge in violence in Turn-of-the-Century Chicago," in Social Science History 25.1 (2001) p.29-52.
BACHIN, Robin F., Building the South Side: Urban Space and Civic Culture in Chicago, 1890-1919, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
BULMER, Martin, The Chicago School of Sociology: Institutionalization, Diversity, and the Rise of Social Research, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.
CARSON, Mina, Settlement Folk: Social Thought and the American Settlement Movement, 1885-1930, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
CONDIT, Carl W., The Chicago School of Architecture: A History of Commercial and Public Building in the Chicago Area, 1985-1925 [19 ??], Chicago: U Chicago Press, 1973.
CRONON, William, Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West, 1991.
DEEGAN, Mary Jo, "W.E.B. Du Bois and the Women of Hull-House, 1895-1899," American Sociologist 19.4 (Winter 1988), p.301-310.
DIAMOND, Andrew, "From Fighting Gangs to Black Nations: Race, Power, and the Other Civil Rights Movement in chicago's West Side Ghetto, 1957-1968" Revue Française d'Etudes Américaines 116 (Spring 2008) p.51-65.
DRAKE, St. Clair and CAYTON, Horace R., Black Metropolis, A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City, [1945], Revised and Enlarged, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
DURKIN KEATING, Ann, Chicago Neighborhoods and Suburbs: A Historical Guide, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
DZUBACK, Mary Ann, Robert M. Hutchins: Portrait of an Educator, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.
EBNER, Michael H., Creating Chicago's North Shore: a Suburban History, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.
GENET, Jean, "The Members of the Assembly," Esquire (November 1968) p.
GREEN, James, Death in the Haymarket.  A Story of Chicago, the First Labor Movement and the Bombing that Divided Gilded Age America, New York: Pantheon Books, 2006. Read first chapter here.
HARRIS, Neil, The Chicagoan: A Lost Magazine of the Jazz Age, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
HOLLAND, Robert A.  Chicago In Maps: 1612-2002, Rizzoli, 2005.
HYRA, Derek S., The New Urban Renewal: The Economic Transformation of Harlem and Bronzeville, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
KUSCH, Frank, Battleground Chicago: The Police and the 1968 Democratic National Convention, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
MARCEL, Jean-Christophe, "Maurice Halbwachs à Chicago ou les ambiguités d'un rationalisme Durkheimien," Revue d'Histoire des Sciences Humaines, 1:1 (1999) p.47-68.
MATHE, Sylvie (ed.), Regards Croisés sur Chicago, Aix en Provence: Publications de l'Université de Provence, 2004.
MEIS KNUPFUR, Anne, The Chicago Black Renaissance and Women's Activism, Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2006.
MULLEN, Bill V., review of A.M. Knupfer's The Chicago Black Renaissance and Women's Activism in Women And Social Movements in the United States 10.4 (December 2006).
OBAMA, Barack, Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance, [1995], Revised Edition, New York: Three Rivers Press, 2004.
PACYGA, Dominic A.  Polish Immigrants and Industrial Chicago: Workers on the South Side, 1880-1922, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991, 2003.
ROYKO, Mike, Boss: Richard J. Daley of Chicago, 1971.
ROWE, Mike, Chicago Blues: The City and the Music [1973], London: Perseus, 1975.
SAWISLAK, Karen, Smoldering City: Chicagoans and the Great Fire, 1871-1874, Chicago: U Chicago Press, 1995.
SCHULTZ, Rima Lunin and HAST, Adele (eds), Women Building Chicago 1790-1990: A Biographical Dictionary, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.
SKLAR, Kathryn Kish, "Hull House in the 1890s: A Community of Women Reformers," Signs 10 (Summer 1985) p.658-77.
SMITH, Carl, Urban Disorder and the Shape of Belief: The Great Chicago Fire, the Haymarket Bomb, and the Model Town of Pullman, Chicago: U Chicago Press, 1994.
—, The Plan of Chicago: Daniel Burnham and the Remaking of the American City, Chicago: U Chicago Press, 2006.
SOLZMAN, David M., The Chicago River: An Illustrated History and Guide to the River and Its Waterways [19 ??], Chicago: U. Chicago Press, 2006.
TERKEL, Studs, Division Street: America, 1967.
—, Chicago, 1987.
YELLEN, Samuel, American Labor Struggles [Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1936], 1969, 1974.

Chicago: Reference Works

GROSSMAN, James R., DURKIN KEATING, Ann, and REIFF, Janice L. (eds), The Encyclopedia of Chicago, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Chicago: Tourism

CANNING BLACKWELL, Elizabeth, Frommer's Chicago 2007, New York: Wiley Publishing, 2007.
HOLDEN, Greg, Literary Chicago: A Book Lover's Tour of the Windy City, Chicago: Lake Claremont Press, 2001.

Sweet Home Chicago

Recently popularized in the movie The Blues Brothers, the song was first performed by Robert Johnson in the 1930s. It has been sung by many artists, including Eric Clapton and Buddy Guy.

Blogging Chicago

Other useful things